Starting Your First Aquarium: Step-by-Step Setup for Beginners
Cleaning the Gravel
After choosing a tank location, set up the aquarium. Put your purchased gravel in a bucket. GRAVEL MUST BE WASHED. Many novices neglect to cleanse the substrate. This can make your new tank hazy for weeks.
Placing the Substrate
Gently insert cleaned gravel in aquarium bottom. This will prevent bottom glass breakage and fine particle stirring. A smaller scoop or bucket can help. To make an even, half-inch-thick base, smooth the substrate with your hands.
Filling up the Aquarium
Fill the tank with hose pipe (use buckets if it's small or there's no tap).De-chlorinate water after filling. Although there are no fish, chlorine and chloramines can accumulate. A good dechlorinator is essential for aquarium life.
Choosing the Right Heater & Filter
It's not always easy to decide which heater and filter are best for your needs. Make use of this calculator to determine the required amount of filter flow and heater wattage for your aquarium.
Clean the filter material gently in a bucket or under the tap. They contain dust and debris from warehouse or shopfront storage, which you don't want in your tank. Avoid ripping open your filter's wool-wrapped carbon packet.
Heating and Lighting
A smaller aquarium can utilize one heater if space is limited. Two heaters are recommended. A heater that fits comfortably in the aquarium is ideal. Higher-wattage heaters conserve power and strain less.